état espírito santo

In 2016, an ongoing drought over much of the state negatively impacted coffee and other crops. The main crops grown are coffee, sugarcane and fruits (mostly coconut, bananas and papayas). Following the elevation of Brazil to a constituent kingdom of United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves in 1815, prompted by the transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Espírito Santo was elevated to a province. Its capital is Vitória, and its largest city is Serra. The bay on which it is located is extremely narrow, with rocks, reefs and mountains making it challenging for freighters and maritime cruisers to reach the docks. Slavery started losing its economic importance in Espírito Santo after that event. The state's subsoil is rich in minerals, including oil. Données [modifier | modifier le code] La région compte 587 756 habitants pour 8 843 km 2. Le sud de l'Espírito Santo est l'une des quatre mésorégions de l'État de l'Espírito Santo. There are still a number of traditional Italian dance groups in the state and Italian culture festivals, such as the one held in Venda Nova do Imigrante. In the Itapemirim river valley, cement, sugar and alcohol and canned fruit industries are developed. The first German settlement, Santa Isabel, was founded in 1844, and still stands. Especially in the 16th century, a number of towns in Espírito Santo were founded with primarily Amerindian populations converted to Catholicism, such as Serra and Santa Cruz. Urbanization: 82.2% (2006); Population growth: 2% (1991–2000); Houses: 1,056,000 (2006).[8]. [33], Location of State of Espírito Santo in Brazil. Other important river basins include the Santa Maria River Basin, the northern branch of the inlets flowing into the sea near Vitória, and the Jucu River Basin, which flows into the sea at roughly the same place, but corresponds to the southern branch. Emperor Pedro II, who was on good terms with the provincial President, visited the Espírito Santo in 1860, during one of his tours of Brazil. État littoral montagneux et forestier. Espírito Santo exports iron produced in Minas Gerais. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Industry consists mainly of canning, forestry, textiles, iron and steel works. Faz fronteira com o oceano Atlântico a leste, com a Bahia ao norte, com Minas Gerais a oeste e noroeste, e com o estado do Rio de Janeiro ao sul. Small scale farming, which is turning increasingly towards agrotourism, is appealing to its Italian roots to exploit that market. The peak of Bandeira, the third highest in the country, is another tourist destination. A third etymology is from the name of a local tribe, borrowed by the Portuguese during the colonial period. [citation needed]. In 2016, the top five states producing logs for paper and cellulose (mainly eucalyptus) were: Paraná (15.9 million m³), São Paulo (14.7 million m³) , Bahia (13.6 million m³), Mato Grosso do Sul (9.9 million m³) and Minas Gerais (7.8 million m³). Remarks: Les créanciers ont reçu à leur adresse connue deux circulaires de la liquidatrice portant sur la cession de droits de la masse. In agricultural production, coffee, sugarcane, papaya, banana and coconut stands out. São Mateus, in the North of Espírito Santo, was the best placed city in the Southeast, as the 6th largest producer of roundwood for paper and cellulose in the country. It was elevated to province status in 1821, following the 1815 elevation of Brazil to a constituent kingdom of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, prompted by the 1808 transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil. Espírito Santo's exports: manufacturing of iron and steel 35.8%, iron ore 25.2%, paper 17.6%, coffee 7.7%, granite 6.5% (2002). L'Espírito Santo est situé à l'est de la région géographique sud-est du Brésil, qui contient aussi les États de São Paulo, du Minas Gerais et de Rio de Janeiro. [23]. [18][19], Espírito Santo was the largest brazilian producer of papaya in 2018, with 354 thousand tons. The port of Vitória is the most difficult to access among Brazilian port. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Ya hemos leído en Juan 14:26 las palabras de Jesús: «El Consolador, el Espíritu Santo, a quien el Padre enviará en mi nombre, él os enseñará todas las cosas, y os recordará todo lo que yo os he dicho». [citation needed]. Esta categoria inclui imagens relacionadas ao município de Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Espírito Santo - Brasil. In May 1999 the first direct international freight connection to the United States He was followed by four other appointed governors (José Horácio Costa, Constante Gomes Sodré, Henrique da Silva Coutinho and Antônio Gomez Aguirre) until the first elected governor of Espírito Santo, Alfeu Adolfo Monjardim de Andrade e Almeida, was inaugurated on June 7, 1891. This category has the following 12 subcategories, out of 12 total. There is debate as to the origin of the term capixaba, the unofficial demonym for those born in Espírito Santo. Et pourtant, poursuit Carta Capital, cet État d’Espírito Santo, qui comptait dans les années 1980 parmi les plus violents du Brésil, a mené depuis 2011 une politique intelligente de prévention et de respect des citoyens, couplant des mesures de sécurité à la prise en charge des jeunes dans les quartiers pauvres. The capital, Vitória, is located on an island, next to Guarapari, which constitutes the state's main metro area. The first African slaves in Espírito Santo arrived in Vitória in 1609; and years of slavery ensued. However, commercial activity acquires a certain importance with iron ore exports from Minas Gerais, through the Vitória a Minas Railway and is shipped at the ports of Atalaia and Ponta do Tubarão. [25][26] In recent years, Espírito Santo has stood out in the production of oil and natural gas. [Elke Potthast-Hubold] It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), the state of Bahia (N), the state of Minas Gerais (N and W), and the state of Rio de Janeiro (S). Democratic elections were held for the filling of every term, up to the incumbent, Renato Casagrande. They settled on Vitória Island and around the Bay of Vitória. Espírito Santo a l'océan Atlantique à l'est, Bahia au nord, Minas Gerais à l'ouest et au nord-ouest et l'État de Rio de Janeiro au sud. [22], Espírito Santo had an orange production of around 18 thousand tons in 2018, the country's 14th largest producer state. [citation needed], In 2003, more than 1.2 million passengers used the airport, and in 2004 this rose to some 1.25 million. Jahrhunderts in Espirito Santo (Brasilien) : eine Pilotstudie. [27], In the paper and cellulose sector, Brazilian pulp production was 19.691 million tons in 2019. Guarapari is also a local tourist destination, known for its healing black sand beaches. In the urban centers of the capital and Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, practically all the main units of the Espírito Santo transformation industry are concentrated. The area was colonized by the Portuguese starting in the 16th century, and received African slaves and, later, European immigrants of various origins. More than a century after arriving to Espírito Santo, the East Pomeranian continues to be spoken and remains an important part of Espírito Santo's heritage for many people. The Portuguese court were fleeing the Napoleonic Invasion of Portugal (1807). Italian pasta and cheeses, like mozzarella, are produced locally. Tyrolean settlers were both of German and Italian language and concentrated in the region of Santa Leopoldina and Santa Teresa. There are about 140 thousand barrels a day. The "Western Side" of the island contains many caves which can be explored, and cruise ships often stop in at Luganville . The steel industries are located in the capital Vitória: Companhia Ferro e Aço de Vitória, iron ore pelletizing plant of Companhia Vale do Rio Doce; lumber, textiles, crockery, instant coffee, chocolates and refrigerators. [21], In 2018 the state also produced cassava, in a small amount compared to Brazilian production: 115 thousand tons, with the country producing 17 million tons. North of Doce River is generally drier and also hot. "Gloria" lleva en sí la idea de honor y de alabanza ascripta en la adoración. A One of the most important lake districts in Brazil lies on the banks of the Doce River. Brazilian forest-based industry exports totaled US $ 9.7 billion (US $ 7.48 billion in cellulose, US $ 2 billion in paper and US $ 265 million in wood panels). L'ÉTAT D'ESPIRITO SANTO (BRÉSIL) ESSAI DE DIVISIONS RÉGIONALES1 (Pl. These 5 sectors concentrate 69.9% of the state's industry. The state is often referred to by its official abbreviation, Largest cities or towns in Espírito Santo, Learn how and when to remove this template message, United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Alfeu Adolfo Monjardim de Andrade e Almeida, "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics", "Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística", "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017", "Imigração italiana por Estados e Regiões do Brasil (in Portuguese)", "Espírito Santo, lo stato più veneto del Brasile", Consulado italiano vai abrir dois escritórios em Vitória para agilizar pedidos de cidadania (in Portuguese), Sobre a composição étnica da população capixaba (in Portuguese), IBGE prevê safra recorde de grãos em 2020, Coagro espera a melhor safra da cana-de-açúcar dos últimos quatro anos, ACOMPANHAMENTO DA SAFRA BRASILEIRA DE CANA DE AÇÚCAR MAIO 2019, Custo de produção de banana no sudeste paraense, Composição do PIB do estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio aumenta sua participação na produção nacional de petróleo e gás, Made in Espírito Santo: celulose capixaba é usada em papel até do outro lado do mundo, São Mateus é o 6º maior produtor de madeira em tora para papel e celulose no país, diz IBGE, DENATRAN - Frota nacional de veículos 2016, Número de aparelhos celulares ultrapassa 4 milhões no Espírito Santo, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), "Significado das cores da bandeira capixaba", Brazilian Portal with information about Espírito Santo and Brazil, The German Colonists in the Brazilian State of Espírito Santo, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, "Estimativas da população residente nos municípios brasileiros com data de referência em 1º de julho de 2011", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Espírito_Santo&oldid=993284090, States and territories established in 1889, Articles needing additional references from March 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking in-text citations from March 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with empty sections from March 2018, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, capixaba, espiritossantense or espirito-santense, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 20:19. This category has the following 9 subcategories, out of 9 total. Espírito Santo, estado (state) on the east coast of Brazil. This page was last edited on 31 May 2020, at 01:17. The state can be divided into two areas: the low lying coastline and the highland area known as Serra (where one can find the 2,890 meter tall Pico da Bandeira), which is part of the larger Serra do Caparaó range. Espírito Santo exports iron produced in Minas Gerais. [citation needed]. [7], The population density was 72.7 inhabitants per square kilometer (188/sq mi). Situation critique dans l’État de l’Espírito Santo: les autorités doivent veiller à ne pas commettre d’erreurs démanteler la Index AI : AMR 19/026/02 Parce que, depuis longtemps, les atteintes systématiques aux droits humains ne font l’objet d’aucune enquête et … After the Independence of Brazil in 1822, Espírito Santo's provincial status was kept, and it was headed by an appointed provincial president. [citation needed]. The service sector is the largest component of GDP at 50%, followed by the industrial sector at 44%. Technically from the region that is now Syria and Lebanon, they came to the state fleeing World War I. With 46,180 square kilometers (17,830 sq mi), it is about the size of Estonia, or half the size of Portugal, and has a variety of habitats including coastal planes, lakes, mountainous forests, mangroves and many others. Germans were among the first colonists to cultivate land away from the coastal zone and were a strong influence. In the south, dairy farming is practiced, and milk is sold, through cooperatives, in the markets of Rio de Janeiro and Vitória. Sands and marbles are also important products of Espírito Santo extractivism. Amerindian food has left its legacy in capixaba culture; the fish-based moqueca capixaba is the state dish, among other local typical seafood dishes. Tercero, el Espíritu Santo nos libera de la ignorancia y nos trae conocimiento. Português: O Espírito Santo é uma das 27 unidades federativas do Brasil. Espírito Santo is a major steel producer, due to two steel mills present in its territory: ArcelorMittal Tubarão (formerly Companhia Siderúrgica de Tubarão), in the capital Vitória, which, in 2018, produced 7 million tons of crude steel, of the 35.4 million produced in the country; and ArcelorMittal Sul Fluminense (formerly Votorantim Siderurgia), also in the capital, which produced 1 million tons of crude steel in the same year. Les villes principales de l'Espírito Santo (à l'exception de la région du Grand Vitória) sont Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Colatina, Guarapari, Linhares, Muniz Freire et Vila Velha. The captaincy remained under the influence of Coutinho's family for 140 years. The passenger terminal has a constructed area of nearly 4,000 square meters (43,000 sq ft), a check-in concourse, 25 check-in counters and boarding and arrival lounges. São Paulo comes in 2nd place, with an 11.5% share of total production. With several discoveries made, mainly by Petrobras, the State left the fifth position in the Brazilian ranking of reserves, in 2002, to become one of the largest oil province in the country, with total reserves of 2.5 billion barrels. A new runway and terminal were due at the end of 2007 but several budget inconsistencies were found and construction was halted. Espírito Santo, directly translated to “Holy Spirit” in English, is a Brazilian state situated in the southeast of this intriguing South American country. It employs 168,357 workers in the industry. According to the IBGE as of 2012, there were 3,637,000 people residing in the state. more, State of Espirito Santo Bed and Breakfast, State of Espirito Santo Vacation Packages, Last Minute Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, Popular State of Espirito Santo Categories, State of Espirito Santo Ski-In / Ski-Out Hotels, Romantic Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, 5-stars Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, 4-stars Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, 3-stars Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, State of Espirito Santo Hotels with Free Parking, Pet Friendly Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, State of Espirito Santo Hotels with Pools, State of Espirito Santo Cheap Pet Friendly Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Pet Friendly Beach Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Beach Suite Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Cheap Beach Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Pet Friendly Campgrounds, Family Resorts in State of Espirito Santo, Resorts on the Ocean in State of Espirito Santo, All things to do in State of Espirito Santo, Commonly Searched For in State of Espirito Santo, Nature & Parks in State of Espirito Santo, Sights & Landmarks in State of Espirito Santo, Outdoor Activities in State of Espirito Santo, Tours & Activities in State of Espirito Santo, Theater & Concerts in State of Espirito Santo, Transportation in State of Espirito Santo, Boat Tours & Water Sports in State of Espirito Santo, Zoos & Aquariums in State of Espirito Santo, Amusement Parks in State of Espirito Santo, Beach & Pool Clubs in State of Espirito Santo, Horseback Riding Tours in State of Espirito Santo, Speed Boats Tours in State of Espirito Santo, Kayaking & Canoeing in State of Espirito Santo, Parasailing & Paragliding in State of Espirito Santo, Scuba & Snorkelling in State of Espirito Santo, Hiking & Camping Tours in State of Espirito Santo, Zipline & Aerial Adventure Parks in State of Espirito Santo, Other Outdoor Activities in State of Espirito Santo, Stand Up Paddleboarding in State of Espirito Santo, Canyoning & Rappelling Tours in State of Espirito Santo. El Espíritu Santo, el don de Dios "Dios es Amor" (Jn 4,8-16) y el Amor que es el primer don, contiene todos los demás. The country exported 2.163 million tons. In the mountainous regions in the south and southwest of the state, the tropical climate is strongly influenced by altitude, and the average temperatures are lower. The Captaincy of Espírito Santo, a hereditary fief, was granted to Vasco Coutinho by Manuel I of Portugal around three decades after the Portuguese first landed in Brazil in 1500. Tourism plays an ever-increasing role in the state's economy and is a leading destination in Brazilian domestic tourism, although international tourism is rarer. The official state demonym, however, is "espírito-santense". There are considerable reserves of limestone, marble, manganese, ilmenite, bauxite, zirconium, monazites and rare earths, although not all are being explored. Subcategories. On the other hand, the connection of Cachoeiro de Itapemirim to the city of Rio de Janeiro, by paved highway, allowed the incorporation of the region into the Rio de Janeiro milk basin and facilitated the export of agricultural products, such as coffee, corn, manioc, rice and vegetables. Find what to do today or anytime in December. Subcategories. The road system is organized from the BR-101, which crosses Espírito Santo from north to south, bordering the coast. We have reviews of the best places to see in State of Espirito Santo. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. The main industrial sectors are: Extraction of Oil and Natural Gas (23.0%), Construction (20.5%), Industrial Services of Public Utility, such as Electricity and Water (12.3%), Metallurgy (7.5 %) and Pulp and Paper (6.6%). However, Espírito Santo was still to play a significant part in the Brazilian abolitionist movement in the guise of the Espírito Santo's slave rebellion of 1848-1849, which demanded intervention of imperial troops. The capital was at first established in Vila Velha, but due to frequent raids by Amerindians, it was moved to the current capital of Vitória, founded on September 8, 1551, on an island near Vila Velha, which was later named Vitória Island. In 1556, after the arrival of European missionaries, the cities Serra, Nova Almeida and Santa Cruz were founded. Chaque personne née dans l'État est connue sous le nom de Capixaba ou Espirito Santo. Espírito Santo's main cities (outside of the Greater Vitória region) are Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Colatina, Linhares, São Mateus and Aracruz. In the north of the state, beef cattle are raised and fattened, and there the meat industry was developed, whose meat is mainly shipped to Rio de Janeiro, in addition to supplying the region of Vitória. In 2018, U$ 920 million were traded in the sale of cellulose to the foreign market, the third strongest Espírito Santo product in the export balance. In 2012, the export basket of Espírito Santo was based on iron ore (52.49%), crude oil (10.87%), chemical pulp made of soda or sulphate wood (10.01%), stone or construction (5.58%) and coffee (4.42%). Eurico de Aguiar Salles Airport, which serves Vitória, is located on a plot of land just over 5.2 million square meters (1,300 acres). In 2016, the paper and cellulose industry in the South of the country represented 33% of the national total. Banque Privée Espírito Santo SA en liquidation, c/o Carrard Consulting SA, Rue Pépinet 3, 1003 Lausanne. The area was colonized by the Portuguese starting in the 16th century, and received African slaves and, later, European immigrants of various origins. It was founded in 1551. Français : L'Espírito Santo est un état brésilien. Espírito Santo from Mapcarta, the free map. Espírito Santo was first inhabited by Amerindians, whose different tribes were usually semi-nomadic, but there is no recorded history of pre-colonial Brazil. Currently the main use of the port is for ship and oil platform repairs, as well as international shipping. In the early 20th century, its current state symbols were adopted. The livestock industry is represented primarily by cattle raised for milk and beef. began operating in Vitória, facilitating American imports to the state of Espírito Santo. It is bounded to the north by the state of Bahia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the state of Rio de Janeiro, and to the west and north by the state of Minas Gerais. To this day they continue centuries old customs within their communities. [20], The state was the 5th largest producer of coconut in Brazil in 2009, with 157 million fruits. El Espíritu Santo deriva del latín Espiritus Sanctus que se refiere a la gracia divina que se revela para entrar en comunión con los creyentes con el fin de contactarse con Cristo o con Dios, en otras palabras, el Espíritu Santo es el que despierta la fe cristiana. It's difficult to pin down the exact numbers of immigrants of each of these groups to Espírito Santo because they usually arrived under a common Austrian-Hungarian passport, or, in the case of the Tyroleans, under a Swiss or Italian passport. Depuis sa création, Banestes a continué à construire l'un des plus grands réseaux bancaires de l'État d'Espirito Santo. The country exported US $ 7.48 billion in pulp this year, US $ 3.25 billion only to China. [citation needed] In São Mateus, petroleum reserves have been found on the continental shelf, and are being commercially exploited. C Cachoeiro Futebol Clube‎ (1 F) Catedral de Cachoeiro de Itapemirim‎ (2 F) Agriculture represents 5% of GDP (2004). As of 2018, there are five such flights a week. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. — L'État d'Espirito Santo appartient à la même famille que l'État de Rio de Janeiro. Since construction of its first section, finished in 1946, the airport has undergone several expansions and modernizations, but current demand has surpassed its capacity of 560 thousand passengers a year. The 10 largest industrial companies in Espírito Santo are: Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (mining), ArcelorMittal Tubarão (steel mill), Samarco Mineração (mining), Aracruz Celulose, Fertilizers Heringer, ArcelorMittal Sul Fluminense (steel mill), Escelsa (electricity distribution company), Garoto (the largest chocolate factory in Latin America and the most important industrial food company of the state) and Sol Coqueria. [24]. La Banco Do Estado Do Espirito Santo, ou Banestes, est une institution financière publique contrôlée par l'État qui possède plus de sept décennies d'expérience sur le marché financier brésilien. Espírito Santo, 9th place, had a production of 4.1 million m³. A short period of democracy existed during the Second Brazilian Republic; Carlos Monteiro Lindenberg was elected governor. Microrégions [modifier | modifier le code] Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Vitória is an important port for the exporting of iron and steel; the state is among the biggest steel-producing regions the world. In the northern extremes of Espírito Santo is Itaúnas, in the municipality of Conceição da Barra, which is a tourist location known for its sand dunes and forró tradition. Large groups of Romani people settled in Espírito Santo's countryside in the late 19th century. This motto is a truncated version of the Jesuit motto "work as if everything depended on you, and trust as if everything depended on God", well spread by Spanish Catholic missionary José de Anchieta, and was chosen by Jerônimo Monteiro, who was Governor of Espírito Santo from 1908 to 1912. VI-VIII.) During the first three centuries of Portuguese colonialism, the main cash crop was sugarcane, until coffee, in high demand in Europe, overtook it in the mid 19th century. 60-75% of the population of Espírito Santo have Italian ancestry, making it the state with the highest percentage of Italian descendants in Brazil. Espírito Santo's climate is tropical along the coast, with dry winters and rainy summers. During the colonial era, there were periods of gold rush when agriculture was neglected, leading to food shortages, but not much gold was found in Espírito Santo as in the neighbouring states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. The location of the port in the city center also results in schedule complications, with limitations resulting from traffic constraints. The Captaincy of Espírito Santo was carved out of the Captaincy of Bahia in the 18th century, during the colonial rule of Brazil, and named after a 16th century captaincy covering roughly the same area of coast. The latter two are concentrated around Cariacica and the Vale do Rio Doce ironworks. In mineral extraction, there is exploration, in the Cachoeiro de Itapemirim area, of reserves of marbles, limestone and dolomite. Another reason for the subdued expansion was the colonial administration's prohibition of the laying roads leading into Minas Gerais, as it was feared gold would be smuggled through the state. Afonso Cláudio de Freitas Rosa was appointed the first governor of the State by the provisional government. Italian food is also an important part of Capixaba cuisine. [1] With an extensive coastline, the state hosts some of the country's main ports, and its beaches are significant tourist attractions. In the mineral extractive industry, in 2019, Rio de Janeiro was the largest producer of oil and natural gas in Brazil, with 71% of the total volume produced. Espírito Santo stands out in this sector. [citation needed]. El Espíritu Santo, al llenar al creyente con un sentido de lo divino, le mueve a rendir este honor y alabanza. Volume 9, Page 34 A new species of Maxillaria (Orchidaceae)from Bolivia.

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